Premature and critically ill newborns may need surgery soon after birth to treat birth defects or abnormalities. Neonatal surgery is a surgical sub-specialty of pediatric surgery that consists of the surgical care of newborn infants, especially ill or premature newborn infants.

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Neonatal surgeons often perform corrective surgeries, including chest, abdominal, and urological defects.

When does the treatment start ?

            Treatment often begins before a baby is born. The Pediatric Surgeons will meet with expecting families to counsel them about abnormalities that may have been discovered during a prenatal screening. In some instances, steps can be taken to treat babies while they are still in the womb, offering them the best chance for a healthy start.

Common congenital (by birth ) problems which require surgery are :

When to consult a Pediatric Surgeon ?

      The moment an abnormality is detected during the antenatal examination / ultrasound one must consult the pediatric surgeon. Some conditions will require intervetion immediately after the baby is born. Hence the delivery should be planned in a hospital with specialised neonatal intensive care unit.

Key Words : Neonate | TEF | Congenital Anomaly | Antenatal scan

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