UTI i.e Urinary Tract Infection is when bacteria gets into the urine and travels up to the urinary bladder. This causes the infection. As many as 8 in 100 of girls and 2 in 100 of boys will get UTIs.
A child can develop UTI when bacteria enter the urinary tract and travel up the urethra and into the body. This can be successfully treated with antibiotics, but a kidney infection can lead to more serious health complications if left untreated.
UTIs are much more common in girls because a girl’s urethra is shorter and closer to the anus. Uncircumcised boys younger than 1 year also have a slightly higher risk for a UTI. Other risk factors for a UTI include:
A child with UTI may have :
A baby with a UTI may have a fever, throw up, or be fussy.
In case of severe cases, the child often looks sicker and is more likely to have a fever (sometimes with shaking chills), pain in the side or back, severe tiredness, or vomiting.
Prompt diagnosis and treatment of a UTI can prevent serious, long-term medical complications. Untreated, a UTI can result in a kidney infection that may lead to more serious conditions, such as:
One must meet a doctor as soon as one suspects UTI in their child. A sample of urine is required to make an accurate diagnosis. It is used for :
Your paediatrician/pediatric surgeon may recommend additional diagnostic tests to determine whether the source of the UTI is caused by an abnormal urinary tract. If there is kidney infection, tests also may be required to look for kidney damage. The following imaging tests may be used:
UTI will require prompt antibiotic treatment to prevent kidney damage. The type of bacteria causing child’s UTI and the severity of infection will determine the type of antibiotic used and the duration of treatment.
Hospitalization may be necessary in cases where child:
One can prevent by following these simple measures at home :